Eighth Circuit Holds Plaintiffs Must Provide Evidence of Actual Damages Even when Employer Doesn't Keep Accurate Time Records
By Matthew Hank
In Carmody v. Kansas City Board of Police Commissioners, the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals addressed the standard of proof in a wage and hour case when an employer fails to maintain accurate timekeeping records. The court held that, even under the “relaxed standard” established by the U.S. Supreme Court in Anderson v. Mt. Clemens Pottery Co., plaintiffs in a wage and hour case must still provide evidence of actual damages.
Carmody involved a group of police officers who sued the Kansas City Board of Police Commissioners, claiming they were given flextime instead of overtime wages as required by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Neither the officers nor the city tracked the accrued flextime. In response to discovery requests, the officers failed to provide information about the number of uncompensated hours they claimed to have worked or the amount of money they alleged was owed. Only after the close of discovery, and after the defendants moved for summary judgment, did the officers come forth with evidence of damages: the officers’ affidavits containing precise estimations, week by week, of unpaid hours worked.Continue Reading...